Basic First-Aid Techniques Everybody Should Know

firstaid1Basic first aid whether for kids or adults does not require lots of training.  Some basic first aid techniques can be learned either from a book, internet or attending a course. Everyone should know how to perform basic first aid treatment.  By performing simple procedures and following certain guidelines, it may be possible to save lives by giving basic treatment until professional medical help arrives.

The following provides information on a few First Aid techniques :

Burns :
The only thing you should put on a burn is cold water.  Put the affected area under cold running water for at least ten minutes.  Loosely cover the burn with cling film or a clean plastic bag. This helps prevent infection by keeping the area clean and is also an ideal cover as it won’t stick to the burn and will also reduce pain by keeping the air from the skin’s surface.  If necessary call 999.

Bleeding Wound :
The best way to treat bleeding is to put pressure on the wound with whatever is available to stop or slow down the flow of blood. As soon as possible call 999. Keep pressure on the wound until help arrives.

Nosebleeds :
If you put the head back during a nosebleed, all the blood goes down the back of the airway.  Instead advise person to tilt their head forwards and ask them to pinch the end of their nose and breathe through their mouth.

Heart Attack :
If a person has persistent, vice-like chest pain, which may spread to their arms, neck, jaw, back or stomach they may be having a heart attack.  Call 999 immediately and ensure that the person is in a position that is comfortable for them (e.g. sit them on the floor, leaning against a wall or chair).  Provide constant reassurance to them until the ambulance arrives.

Stroke :
Think F.A.S.T.  Face: is there weakness on one side of their face?  Arms: can they raise both arms?  Speech: is their speech easily understood?  Time: to call 999
(Strokes are caused by a blockage of the blood supply to the brain. Part of the brain becomes damaged, and this can affect people’s appearance, bodily functions, speech and sight).
A stroke needs immediate attention, and the faster the person receives medical help, the less damage is caused.  Talk to the person to reassure them while you wait for the ambulance.

This provides just a small insight into basic first aid techniques.  Further information may be obtained from the many sources available through books, internet and taking part in training courses available throughout the country.

How to Be Your Own Skin Expert

The key to buying the right facial products for your skin type comes down to one key point, understanding your skin.  Is it dry – use a cream cleanser, sensitive – , oily – use a medicated cleanser.  It is also important to remember that it will change from time to time dependant onSkin Care

factors such as weather, diet or menstrual cycle.

Once this has been determined, the next step is to establish an appropriate routine using the correct skin care products for your skin.  Nothing beats the classic skin treatment routine of cleanse, tone and moisturise.

Cleanse – Find a cleanser that suits your skin type.  After washing your face with warm water, apply the cleanser in circular motions and then wash off.  Don’t scrub as over washing and scrubbing can cause skin to become irritated.

Tone – Toners work by removing any residual cleanser left on your skin and shrink the appearance of pores. Again, choose a toner that suits your skin type and apply to your face with the help of a cotton ball, using gentle upward strokes.

Moisturise Finally, finish off your skin care routine by using a moisturiser which matches your skin type. Moisturisers work by protecting your skin against the excessive loss of water and keep it looking healthy and more youthful.  Protect your skin against the harmful rays of the sun by using a moisturiser that has sun protection factor included.  This will help prevent sunburn, wrinkles and can decrease the risk of sun cancer.

Over and above this daily routine here are a few dos and don’ts for your skincare routine :

Remove your make up before going to bed.  No matter how tired you are, always ensure you take the time to cleanse your face before bed.  Not removing it will result in blocked pores, sore eyes and a breakout of spots.

Your skin reflects your general health. To keep it in good condition, you need a healthy balanced diet with lots of fresh fruit and vegetables, regular exercise, enough sleep, and plenty of water.  Drinking one to two litres of water everyday will help hydrate your skin.

Drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes can dull the complexion, by narrowing the blood vessels and damage the quality of the skin.  Cutting down on alcohol consumption and smoking will help ensure your skin looks healthy and bright.

Catch up on your beauty sleep.  On average most adults need at least eight hours of sleep per week.  A good night’s sleep helps to banish those dark circles and dull skin.  Snoozing will delay the effects of ageing, aid cell regeneration, restore and rejuvenate the skin and energise your body.