firstaid1Basic first aid whether for kids or adults does not require lots of training.  Some basic first aid techniques can be learned either from a book, internet or attending a course. Everyone should know how to perform basic first aid treatment.  By performing simple procedures and following certain guidelines, it may be possible to save lives by giving basic treatment until professional medical help arrives.

The following provides information on a few First Aid techniques :

Burns :

The only thing you should put on a burn is cold water.  Put the affected area under cold running water for at least ten minutes.  Loosely cover the burn with cling film or a clean plastic bag. This helps prevent infection by keeping the area clean and is also an ideal cover as it won’t stick to the burn and will also reduce pain by keeping the air from the skin’s surface.  If necessary call 999.

Bleeding Wound :

The best way to treat bleeding is to put pressure on the wound with whatever is available to stop or slow down the flow of blood. As soon as possible call 999. Keep pressure on the wound until help arrives.

Nosebleeds :

If you put the head back during a nosebleed, all the blood goes down the back of the airway.  Instead advise person to tilt their head forwards and ask them to pinch the end of their nose and breathe through their mouth.

Heart Attack :

If a person has persistent, vice-like chest pain, which may spread to their arms, neck, jaw, back or stomach they may be having a heart attack.  Call 999 immediately and ensure that the person is in a position that is comfortable for them (e.g. sit them on the floor, leaning against a wall or chair).  Provide constant reassurance to them until the ambulance arrives.

Stroke :

Think F.A.S.T.  Face: is there weakness on one side of their face?  Arms: can they raise both arms?  Speech: is their speech easily understood?  Time: to call 999
(Strokes are caused by a blockage of the blood supply to the brain. Part of the brain becomes damaged, and this can affect people’s appearance, bodily functions, speech and sight).
A stroke needs immediate attention, and the faster the person receives medical help, the less damage is caused.  Talk to the person to reassure them while you wait for the ambulance.

This provides just a small insight into basic first aid techniques.  Further information may be obtained from the many sources available through books, internet and taking part in training courses available throughout the country.